IMPACT FEE RESEARCH AND DATA IN PERRY, GEORGIA


ORIGINAL POSTING ON 2/19/2008
UPDATED ON 07/16/2008
rob@robertmorriscooper.com


Council voted 4-1 to pass impact fee ordinance, but not implement fees until July 1, 2009.

NO IMPACT FEE




LOCAL NEWS ARTICLES







CITY OF PERRY INFORMATION







RESEARCH AND ARTICLES
Research
Articles


PERRY STARTS PROCESS OF CONSIDERING IMPACT FEES
HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL 11/24/06

PERRY TURNS TO IMPACT FEES FOR FUNDING
HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL 12/8/06


COMMUNITY HEARS PROS AND CONS OF FEES
HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL 3/2/07

LOWDOWN ON IMPACT FEES
HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL 3/12/07

PERRY MOVES FORWARD ON IMPACT FEES
HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL 6/7/07

PERRY FORMS PANEL TO STUDY IMPACT FEES
MACON TELEGRAPH 8/23/07

PERRY COUNCIL VOTES "YES"
HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL 8/23/07

PERRY CHAMBER OPPOSES IMPACT FEES
MACON TELEGRAPH 2/6/2008

PERRY PANEL URGES 'NO' TO IMPACT FEE
MACON TELEGRAPH 2/20/2008

PERRY MAY INCREASE TAXES IF NO IMPACT FEE ADOPTED
WMGT 2/20/2008

PERRY EXPANDING FIRE PROTECTION
WMAZ 2/22/2008

COUNTY COMMISSIONERS ADDRESS IMPACT FEES . . .
HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL 2/25/08

STANDING ROOM ONLY FOR IMPACT FEE DISCUSSION
HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL 2/25/08

BUILDERS SPEAK OUT ABOUT IMPACT FEES
WGMT 2/27/2008

PERRY COUNCIL HEARS ABOUT IMPACT FEES
MACON TELEGRAPH 3/19/08

IMPACT FEES MAY COME TO PERRY
WMAZ 3/24/08

PANEL PRESENTS PLAN FOR IMPACT FEES
MACON TELEGRAPH 4/2/08

WHAT'S GOING ON WITH IMPACT FEES?
HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL 4/7/08

THREE QUALIFY TO RUN FOR PERRY CITY COUNCIL
MACON TELEGRAPH 5/3/08

BROWN TO SEEK PERRY COUNCIL POST
HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL 5/5/08

PERRY CLOSER ON IMPACT FEES
MACON TELEGRAPH 5/7/08

THIS SPACE RESERVED FOR HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL ARTICLE ON IMPACT FEES NOT POSTED TO HHJ WEBSITE

FOES OF IMPACT FEE SHOW THEIR COLORS IN PERRY
MACON TELEGRAPH 6/4/2008

PERRY COULD MAKE A BOLD DECISION
MACON TELEGRAPH 6/5/2008
Editorial

PERRY HOLDS FIRST MEETING ON IMPACT FEES
HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL 6/9/2008

PERRY COUNCIL HEARS MORE ON IMPACT FEES
MACON TELEGRAPH 6/18/2008

IMPACT FEE BATTLE CONTINUES
HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL 6/21/2008

PERRY CITY COUNCIL APPROVES IMPACT FEES
WXGA 6/26/2008

PERRY COUNCIL OK'S IMPACT FEES
WMAZ 6/26/2008

PERRY IMPLEMENTS IMPACT FEES
WMGT 6/26/2008

PERRY BACKS SIREN PLAN
MACON TELEGRAPH 6/27/2008

PERRY VOTES 4-1 IN FAVOR OF IMPACT FEES
HOUSTON HOME JOURNAL 6/28/2008




CITY OF PERRY VOTE ON IMPACT FEE MINUTES 06/26/2008

FINAL DRAFT? OF PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT IMPACT FEE ORDINANCE OF THE CITY OF PERRY

CITY OF PERRY WORK SESSION MINUTES 06/17/2008

CITY OF PERRY PUBLIC HEARING ON IMPACT FEE MEETING MINUTES 06/17/2008

CITY OF PERRY AGENDA FOR JUNE 17, 2008 MEETING, FINAL PUBLIC HEAING ON IMPACT FEE

CITY OF PERRY PUBLIC HEARING ANNOUNCEMENT FOR JULY 1, 2008, VOTE ON IMPACT FEE SCHEDULED
Meeting to start at 5:00 p.m.

REPORT TO COUNCIL ON IMPACT FEES 06/03/2008
Please note the total amount of the building permit when the fee is added:  $4,434.94 on a $200,000 home

CITY OF PERRY PUBLIC HEARING ON IMPACT FEE MEETING MINUTES 06/03/2008
City's Secretary needs a raise!  Great job on transcription! (and not just because she got what I said almost word for word)

CITY OF PERRY PUBLIC HEARING ON IMPACT FEE AGENDA 06/03/2008
Only three minutes per person to speak.

PERRY WORK SESSION 05/27/2008
Proposing milage rate DECREASE due to GROWTH in digest.

PERRY COUNCIL MINUTES 05/06/2008
A request to postpone impact fee action until after the election for Post 1, District 3

PERRY WORK SESSION MINUTES 05/06/2008
Outlining dates for public forum and some other tidbits

IMPACT FEE ORDINANCE DRAFT VERSION 05/08/2008
INCOMPLETE DRAFT.  VERY MUCH THE SAME AS ORDINANCE POSTED BELOW.  IMPACT FEE AREA MAP ON LAST PAGE.
Final draft above.


CITY OF PERRY ADMINISTRATION REPORT TO COUNCIL ON 4/1/2008
Includes breakdown of administration's fee schedule and capital improvements and advisory committee's fee schedule and capital improvements.
Also, a list of "concerns" about impact fees.


COMPARISON OF PERMITS AND TAXES FOR PERRY, 2008
ROB COOPER
I miscalculated on Centerville's Property tax, I have since corrected (02/22/08).
I corrected Perry Sewer and Water Tap fee which closed the gap a little (04/14/2008).

CITY OF PERRY IMPACT FEE PROPOSAL PRESENTED AT PUBLIC FORUM ON 3/18/2008
* THIS REPORT WAS NOT DELIVERED, AND HAS MUCH OF THE SAME INFORMATION AS THE REPORT ON 4/1/2008

CITY OF PERRY PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT IMPACT FEE ORDINANCE
* I HAVE NOT SEEN A COMPLETED ORDINANCE FOR THE CITY OF PERRY.  THIS IS WHAT WAS SENT TO ME ON 3/14/2008.
 Please see the ordinance posted above on 5/8/2008.
 Final draft above.

CITY OF PERRY MINUTES FOR MARCH 18 MEETING, PUBLIC FORUM ON IMPACT FEES

CITY OF PERRY AGENDA FOR THE MARCH 18 MEETING ON IMPACT FEES

PERRY IMPACT FEE ADVISORY COMMITTEE REPORT TO COUNCIL ON 2/19/2008
* NOTE THAT THE IMPACT FEE ADVISORY COMMITTEE FIRST RECOMMENDS TO NOT IMPLEMENT IMPACT FEES
HERE ARE THE MINUTES  FROM THIS MEETING

PERRY 2007 AUDIT REPORT

PERRY 2006 AUDIT REPORT

CITY OF PERRY WEBSITE

CRIME STATISTICS FOR THE CITY OF PERRY (2003)




RESEARCH

GEORGIA DEVELOPMENT IMPACT FEE ACT

GEORGIA DEVELOPMENT IMPACT FEE COMPLIANCE REQUIREMENTS

GEORGIA DEPARTMENT OF COMMUNITY AFFAIRS (DCA) IMPACT FEE PAGE
Not surprising that the government does not present all the pitfalls to impact fees . . . but a great site for information on Georgia's impact fee act and the processes involved in getting an impact fee implemented.

A MAP SHOWING THE AREAS IN GEORGIA WITH IMPACT FEES, PERRY IS ALSO HIGHLIGHTED
Most are around Atlanta area . . . wonder why?

AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECTS OF IMPACT FEES ON HOUSING AND LAND MARKETS
KEITH R. IHLANFELDT AND TIMOTHY N. SHAUGHNESSY
REGIONAL SCIENCE AND URBAN ECONOMICS, 11/2003
Findings:  $1.00 in impact fees raises price of housing by $1.60 and lowers price of land by $1.00

THE EFFECT OF IMPACT FEES ON THE PRICE OF NEW SINGLE-FAMILY HOUSING
HILDA BLANCO, ET AL.
URBAN STUDIES JOURNAL LIMITED, 2004
Study shows impact fees "raising new home prices by about 166 per cent of the amount of the fee. The increase is 358 per cent for the higher-quality homes"

DO DEVELOPMENT IMPACT FEES REDUCE THE RATE OF RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT?
MARK SKIDMORE AND MICHEAL PEDDLE
GROWTH AND CHANGE
A JOURNAL OF URBAN AND REGIONAL POLICY, 09/1998
The short answer is, Yes, by more than 25%

IMPACT FEES AND HOUSING AFFORDABILITY
VICKI BEEN
NEW YORK UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW
CITYSCAPE JOURNAL, 2005
Incredibly detailed report!  Empirical evidence abounds, however, it is a little dated and the author admits that more study is needed.

IMPACT FEES LINKED TO RISING HOME COSTS
BRETT M. BADDEN AND DON L. COURSEY
UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, 11/1999
Report showing that impact fees contribute to a rise in valuation of existing homes, thereby making existing residents' tax bills higher.

here is the full study

AN EMPIRICAL ESTIMATION OF THE PRICE EFFECTS OF DEVELOPMENT IMPACT FEES
ADREJS SKABURSKIS AND MOHAMMAD QADEER
URBAN STUDIES, 1992
Prices go up by 1.2 times the amount of the impact fee

A PRIMER ON RESIDENTIAL IMPACT FEES
MICHAEL L. WALDEN, PHD CORNELL UNIVERSITY
PROFESSOR OF AGRICULTURAL AND RESOURCE ECONOMICS, UNSC
Excellent resource showing that builders and developers DO NOT PAY THE FEE, THEY PASS IT ON TO THE CONSUMER.

WHO BEARS THE BURDEN OF DEVELOPMENT IMPACT FEES?
FORREST E. HUFFMAN, ET AL
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN PLANNING ASSOCIATION, 03/1998
Homebuyers, renters and nonresidential tenants do.

AN ANALYSIS OF DEVELOPMENT IMPACT FEES IN GEORGIA
JIM EDGE
UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA
LAND USE CLINIC,  05/2004

REPORT OF THE IMPACT FEE COMMITTEE TO THE COLUMBIA COUNTY BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS
03/2006
Excellent reasoning and analysis of a Georgia community looking at implementing impact fees.

AN OVERVIEW OF IMPACT FEES IN GEORGIA
DERON HICKS

STUDY:  ALL GROWTH BUT "SMART GROWTH" PAYS FOR ITSELF
RANDAL O'TOOLE
THE HEARTLAND INSTITUTE, 07/2001

RISING USE OF IMPACT FEES RANKLES NEW-HOME BUYERS
WALL STREET JOURNAL REPORT, 11/2007

PAYING FOR PROSPERITY: IMPACT FEES AND JOB GROWTH
BROOKINGS INSTITUTE, 06/2003
Impact fees don't slow jobs, but make housing less attainable.

THE IMPACT OF PROPERTY TAXES AND GROWTH RESTRICTIONS ON REAL ESTATE
DANIEL V. RAINEY, UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS
This study shows impact fees can force development and home buyers to neighboring communities

THE EFFECT OF DEVELOPMENT  IMPACT FEES ON LAND VALUES
JENNIFER S. EVANS-COWLEY, FRED A. FORGEY, RONALD C. RUTHERFORD
GROWTH AND CHANGE, 01/2005
Impact fees make new houses cost more and undeveloped land worth less.

Research
Articles

ARTICLES

IMPACT FEES: THE "WELCOME, STRANGER" TAX
RON SCHAFTEL, 2003
Don't you just love the name of the article?  Schaftel makes some great points about impact fees in this article.

IMPACT FEES - THE NON-RENEWABLE RESOURCE
SUSAN STROUD DAVIES
NAHB, 2007?

IMPACT FEES:  TRUTH AND CONSEQUENCES OF BAD POLICY
RICHARD WAGNER, 12/2003

CONCEPT MISUSED:  IMPACT FEES AN INEXACT SCIENCE
SAMUEL R. STANLEY, PHD
ATLANTA CONSTITUTION, 10/2001

IMPACT FEE BIDS STALLING
ATHENS BANNER-HERALD, 03/2008
Slow growth killing impact fees, who would have thought?

CITING HOUSING DIP, JACKSON REJECTS FEES
ATHENS BANNER HERALD, 01/2008
The same reasoning given by the Perry Impact Fee Advisory Committee for not implementing impact fees.

IMPACT FEE STUDY DELAYED AGAIN
THE DAHLONEGA NUGGET, 5/2008
Best quote: "
If we were selling 1,000 or 1,200 permits a year, it would make sense,” said Hayes, “but the number of permits we are selling now-a little more than 300 a year-won't support what it will cost to implement them."
Perry has a little more than 300 permits a year . . .

LEE COUNTY DROPS MOST IMPACT FEES
WALB NEWS, 8/2007

IMPACT FEE STRATEGY CHANGES
AUGUSTA CHRONICLE, 8/2007

LEADERS FEAR IMPACT FEES DETER DEVELOPMENT
GULF BREEZE NEWS 5/2008
A glimpse into the future for Perry if they implement impact fees

GRAY GEORGIA IMPACT FEE DISCUSSION
THE JONES COUNTY NEWS, 02/2007

HEADING FOR THE EXIT
COURANT.COM
Impact fees pushing residents out of Northern town.
This article has been moved to the archives.

DOWN HOUSING MARKET GIVES OPPORTUNITY TO ROLL BACK RESIDENTIAL IMPACT FEES
BILL LURZ
PROFESSIONAL BUILDER MAGAZINE, 02/2008

IMPACT FEES FORCING UP THE PRICE OF NEW HOUSES
NEW YORK TIMES, 03/1992